As my name implies, I am writing all my hubs from an academic perspective. It was around this time that Muhammad received another revelation calling for him to make his ministry more public: Proclaim what you have been ordered and turn away from polytheists (Surah 15 v 94). This journey is known as the Hijrah and is so significant in the history of Islam that the Islamic calendar dates from this event. The Hegira would later mark the beginning (year 1) of the Muslim calendar. By 613CE Muhammad had around 30 Muslims but Allah has a much greater number in mind. As aforementioned, the first converts to Muhammad's message were his wife Khadijah and her cousin Waraqa. The message of monotheism was unpopular for two main reasons, one theological the other economical. The Kabah in Makkah housed the many icons of the polytheistic gods. The hostility of the surrounding areas made Makkah a less attractive base from which to expand the religion. A) Muhammad and his followers removed statues from the Kaaba. If you think any of the information I have included is in some way inaccurate please leave me a note in the comments. Many Thanks. (See box on right). All rights reserved. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Hanifs were those with no religion but who rejected polytheism and worshipped the one True God. Muhammad was very impressed by Zayd and became more interested in religion after their acquaintance. Muhammad's life was threatened and many of his followers were tortured and killed. Firstly there was the matter of safety. It was at one such fair that Muhammad attracted the attention of six Yathribians. Bedouin Polytheism may not have been very organised or look much like a religion compared with what we are used to by today's standards but it was still the culture and tradition of the people of Arabia. In 622 CE Muhammad and his followers made the move from their hometown of Makkah to the city of Madinah. It was the centre of trade but also of pilgrimage and housed the Kabah- a square covered building that housed icons of the gods. The concept of bringing Arabia back to Islam may seem quite baffling to those who are not familiar with the religion of Islam and Islamic beliefs. Muhammad was not safe in Makkah, that was now very clear. Less serious attacks saw meetings broken up and rubbish thrown at Muhammad's door. All the information I include is intended to be factually correct and not based on personal opinion. Muhammad had ambitions for the religion to be more widespread than just a local religion in Makkah. The conversion of Umar strengthened the Muslim cause greatly but the persecution continued until 619 CE when the boycott was lifted. When we talk of push factors we mean what were the factors that made Muhammad and his followers want to leave Makkah- in other words what was pushing him out of his home town towards the distant and unknown city of Yathrib? Muhammad left Mecca because he and his followers were being persecuted for their beliefs. Click on "Show Route and Directions" and you can see a walking route between the two cities. This was something that Muhammad could not properly do in Makkah. Even if Muhammad some how managed to convert the whole of Makkah, the religion could end up being confined to just the city. He opposed Muhammad and Islam and so withdrew the clan's protection. In Medina, Muhammad set about building the followers of his religionIslaminto an organized community and Arabian power. People do not take too kindly to being told that the way of their ancestors was wrong or that they have to change the cultures and traditions that they have always adhered to. A. It brought many visitors every year into the city and generated much wealth for Makkah. Muhammad's new faith spread quickly throughout Arabia. 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