Distances travelled each year are hard to measure, but one banded bird was recorded travelling 6000 km in twelve days. Nests are a mound of mud and grass on the ground of the slopes, among the sparse vegetation. Both male and female perform some dances while raising their spread wings and calling. The southern royal albatross has a length of 112 to 123 cm (44–48 in) and a mean weight of 8.5 kg (19 lb). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds, Volume 2 (Raptors to Lapwings). The body length of an adult wandering albatross is around 3.6 to 4.5 feet. The older a Wandering albatross is, the whiter it gets. Snowy albatross, White-winged albatross, Goonie. The average weight of an adult albatross is around 14 to 26 pounds. Weight: 6 to 12kg. The bill can vary in colour, but is normally yellowish-pink. Wandering albatrosses ( Diomedea exulans) forage over thousands of square kilometers of open ocean for patchily distributed live prey and carrion. Wandering albatrosses are relatively well protected, due to both their remote location and certain laws. Courtship displays are the same as other species, with bill-circling, sky-pointing, mutual preening and spreading wings. During the early stages of the chick's development, the parents take turns to sit on the nest while the other searches for food. The pair will only defend a small territory around their nest. Wandering albatrosses are carnivores (piscivores and molluscivores), they mainly eat fish, including toothfish, squid, and other cephalopods, and the occasional crustacean. At Campbell Island, 11 males were found to have a mean mass of 10.3 kg (23 lb) and 7 females were found to have a mean mass of 7.7 kg (17 lb), thus may be heavier on average than most colonies of wandering albatross. These birds usually disperse over the Southern Ocean once the breeding season ends, and most of them probably travel east, perhaps in a circumpolar movement. Its hooked bill and feet are pink in color. Abstract. Breeding is from December until March. While foraging at sea at night time, these birds travel in small groups. Wandering Albatrosses are often seen scavenging scraps from fishing boats, but squid and fish are the preferred foods. How do Wandering Albatrosses feed? Wandering Albatross on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wandering_albatross, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22698305/0. A Wandering albatross has a special gland above its nasal passage which produces a high saline solution to help maintain the salt level in its body, dealing with the salt water it takes in. Close up, the fine black wavy lines on the breast, neck and upper back become visible. Wandering Albatross Wikipedia article -, 2. It sleeps on the water’s surface, during the day gliding and flying, searching for food, which is abundant. Pairs of Wandering Albatrosses mate for life and breed every two years. It will not start breeding until it is 11-15 years old. It lives up to its name when it takes fishing trips that last 10-20 days and can cover 10,000 km, while using hardly more energy than when sitting on its nest. However, its numbers are still slowly declining. Galley refuse and floating waste also form part of the diet. Wandering Albatrosses spend most of their life in flight, landing only to breed and feed. Described as "The bird which made the breeze to blow" the wingspan of a Wandering albatross is the longest of any bird. During plumage changes from juvenile stages to adulthood, identification of Wandering Albatrosses can be difficult, and birds may be confused with other large albatrosses with similar colourings. Despite its large size, this bird is wonderfully adapted for soaring flight, and is able to glide for hours before needing to flap its wings in order to regain height. Described as "The bird which made the breeze to blow" the wingspan of a Wandering albatross is the longest of any bird. Location: All oceans except in the North Atlantic. Appearance: White with grey-black wings, hooked bill. This species breeds in loose colonies, and typically the nests are in scattered groups. In the breeding season, a Wandering albatross is gregarious and performs a range of displays. Wandering albatrosses are superb gliders and can soar through the air without needing to flap their wings for some hours. Individuals sometimes vocalize when they are fighting over food. The Wandering Albatross is the largest of the albatrosses and is the living bird with the greatest wingspan, measuring almost 3.5 m. The adult Wandering Albatross appears entirely white from a distance. Wandering albatrosses are monogamous and pairs mate for life. An individual may fly thousands of kilometers from its breeding grounds, sometimes crossing the equator. Once hunted for their feathers to decorate women’s hats, this practice has disappeared due to changes in fashion. Once it fledges, it flies out to sea, returning to the colony after 5-6 years. Overall, currently Wandering albatrosses are classified as Vulnerable (VU) and their numbers today are decreasing. Lindblad Expeditions-National Geographic naturalist Doug Gualtieri and Eric Wehrmeister help us see just how big these birds really are. Diet: Cephalopods, small fish, crustaceans. The size range of its wingspan is around 8.3 to 11.6 feet in length. Vocalizations and displays are common when mating or defending territory and include croaks, bill-touching, bill-clapping, pointing to the sky, trumpeting, head-shaking, the “gawky look” and the "ecstatic" gesture. The Wandering Albatross is the largest of the albatrosses and is the living bird with the greatest wingspan, measuring almost 3.5 m. This species is the largest in its genus (Diomedea) and one of the world’s largest birds. A single creamy-white egg is laid, and both parents take turn incubating for periods of 2-3 weeks over 78 days. The nest is a mound of mud and vegetation, and is placed on an exposed ridge near the sea. The white tail is occasionally tipped with black and the back of the wing changes from black to white with age. According to IUCN’s Red List, the current estimates for Wandering albatrosses in specific areas are: on South Georgia (Georgias del Sur), 1,553 pairs; on Prince Edward Island, 1,800 pairs; on Marion Island, 2,056 pairs; on Iles Crozet, 340 pairs; on Iles Kerguelen, 354 pairs; and on Macquarie Island, 4 pairs, a total of 6,107 breeding pairs, equating to about 20,100 mature individuals. These birds can sometimes eat so much that they cannot fly and have to stay resting on the water. The most likely cause is longline fishing, as they become hooked and will drown, as well as the ingestion of plastics, which kills both chicks and adults. 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