Now that the main trunk shoot is looking good, tie it to the trellis using plant tape or twine. Pruning while the vine … For more information about homegrown grapes… Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. When spring arrives, you’ll find several shoots that sprout from the buds below the cut that you made in the winter. With careful, prying motions, loosen and separate these canes from one another. Basic pruning of grapes is simple. The fact that grapes, hardy from U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 10, are so vigorous will work to your advantage when you prune your vine… With your gardening gloves on, search along the cordon for any tangled or twisted canes. For now, feel free to continue reading. Untangle the grape vines so you can keep track of your pruning. As the grapevine grows, it is trained onto the wire(s), removing all shoots between the wires and cutting back the shoots along the lower one to only two buds. When it comes to pruning grapes, the most common mistake people make is not pruning hard enough. Concord vines can grow as much as 20 feet per year. The main pruning season for grape vines is early winter, but they need regular pruning and maintenance throughout the growing season to keep them manageable and productive. Trim back the woody canes from the previous year. The purpose of pruning is to train the vines into an orderly growth pattern and optimize grape production. Disclosure. These grape varieties should be pruned into one horizontal trunk that can be easily removed from the trellis or support structure. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/prune-old-overgrown-grapevines-55421.html There should be one shoot every 6-8 inches. During the winter, cut the main shoot back to a few inches below the first support of the trellis. Prune old, neglected vines in stages. If your canes aren’t tangled or twisted, you can disregard this. Leave the most vigorous shoots and cut the rest back flush to the main trunk. In addition to support, pruning grapes is a vital part of their overall health. tend to grow so vigorously, pruning back your grapevine may seem like a daunting prospect. Throughout the year, make sure you train new shoots to grow on the trellis support. The two main pruning systems are the Guyot system and the rod and spur (cordon) system. Grape vines can reach enormous proportions. What Is Biennial Bearing and How Can You Prevent It? Renewal spurs will supply the new fruit canes for the next year’s growing season. 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