Niang, I., O.C. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), eight territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. This is a list of African countries and dependent territories sorted by population, which is sorted by normalized demographic projections from the most recently available census or demographic data.Africa remains one of the world's fastest growing regions, after Asia. Black-eyed peas and voandzeia (African groundnuts), were domesticated, followed by okra and kola nuts. However, Africa also is heavily affected by a wide range of environmental issues, including desertification, deforestation, water scarcity, and other issues. Congo, Nile, Zambezi, Niger and Lake Victoria, considered the world’s second largest river. Morocco in northern Africa has also hosted the 2002 Morocco Cup, but the national team has never qualified for a major tournament.  Nevertheless, white Africans remain an important minority in many African states, particularly Zimbabwe, Namibia, Réunion, and the Republic of South Africa. Ruppel, M.A. No country should tolerate companies with subsidiaries based in tax havens operating in their country. Between 9,000 and 5,000 BC, Niger–Congo speakers domesticated the oil palm and raffia palm. 1969.  In the countries of sub-Saharan Africa most affected, AIDS has raised death rates and lowered life expectancy among adults between the ages of 20 and 49 by about twenty years. Other etymological hypotheses have been postulated for the ancient name "Africa": Africa is considered by most paleoanthropologists to be the oldest inhabited territory on Earth, with the human species originating from the continent. The gradual decline of slave-trading, prompted by a lack of demand for slaves in the New World, increasing anti-slavery legislation in Europe and America, and the British Royal Navy's increasing presence off the West African coast, obliged African states to adopt new economies. , In West Africa, the decline of the Atlantic slave trade in the 1820s caused dramatic economic shifts in local polities. But activists should also investigate the historical legacies of colonial mining companies. The Kingdom of Ife, historically the first of these Yoruba city-states or kingdoms, established government under a priestly oba ('king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language), called the Ooni of Ife. The first episode of the new season of Africa Is a Country Radio, our monthly music show, focuses on the port city of Freetown, Sierra Leone.  The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. A common theme in traditional African architecture is the use of fractal scaling: small parts of the structure tend to look similar to larger parts, such as a circular village made of circular houses..  Ghana followed suit the next year (March 1957), becoming the first of the sub-Saharan colonies to be granted independence. In addition, Africa has the largest number of megafauna species, as it was least affected by the extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna. At a time when Evangelical Christianity frequently goes against the interests of African people, is it time for us to re-make Christianity? In Eduardo Galeano’s prose, he becomes even greater. Between 1808 and 1860, the British West Africa Squadron seized approximately 1,600 slave ships and freed 150,000 Africans who were aboard.  Since the continent of Africa consists of crust from both the African and the Somali plates, some literature refers to the African Plate as the Nubian Plate to distinguish it from the continent as a whole.. There is also high evaporation rates in some parts of the region resulting in lower percentages of precipitation in such places. , Some aspects of traditional African cultures have become less practised in recent years as a result of neglect and suppression by colonial and post-colonial regimes. Prior to the decolonization movements of the post-World War II era, Europeans were represented in every part of Africa. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. The three countries jointly hosted the 2003 Cricket World Cup. Human encroachment, civil unrest and the introduction of non-native species threaten biodiversity in Africa.  and vanished under unknown circumstances around 500 AD, having lasted approximately 2,000 years. Despite this diversity, there are unifying artistic themes present, when considering the totality of the visual culture from the continent of Africa. The peoples of North Africa consist of three main indigenous groups: Berbers in the northwest, Egyptians in the northeast, and Nilo-Saharan-speaking peoples in the east. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros, V.R., C.B. Recent work in west Africa: New light on the Nok culture. In 2007, Chinese companies invested a total of US$1 billion in Africa.  Managing this risk requires an integration of mitigation and adaptation strategies in the management of ecosystem goods and services, and the agriculture production systems in Africa. .  The Latin suffix -ica can sometimes be used to denote a land (e.g., in Celtica from Celtae, as used by Julius Caesar). In a short while, the local Berber elite had been integrated into Muslim Arab tribes. Another notable tragic event is the 1994 Rwandan genocide in which an estimated 800,000 people were murdered. . 1199–1265. This is hugely detrimental to many countries. In August 2008, the World Bank announced revised global poverty estimates based on a new international poverty line of $1.25 per day (versus the previous measure of $1.00). Abdrabo, A. Essel, C. Lennard, J. Padgham, and P. Urquhart, 2014: Africa. , Africa is now at risk of being in debt once again, particularly in Sub-Saharan African countries. Climate of personal non-violence 4. The size of the Sahara has historically been extremely variable, with its area rapidly fluctuating and at times disappearing depending on global climatic conditions. Field, D.J.  Migration from African nations has increased dramatically in the last decade. Under Roman rule, Carthage became the capital of the province it then named Africa Proconsularis, following its defeat of the Carthaginians in the Third Punic War in 146 BC, which also included the coastal part of modern Libya. Each country has beautiful attributes that make it unique. It is more about settling scores. In numerous countries, English and French (see African French) are used for communication in the public sphere such as government, commerce, education and the media. After the fall of colonial rule, some whites fled from their African countries of residence and sought refuge in apartheid South Africa. The Afrotropical realm and the Saharo-Arabian desert to its north unite the region biogeographically, and the Afro-Asiatic language family unites the north linguistically. Tichitt, Oualata ) the concept of as well as total body articulation [. Contested through armed conflicts in Africa. [ 209 ] Mali Empire which consolidated much of Sudan! 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