The Saudi victory marked the emergence of the Third Saudi State. Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: طلال بن عبد العزيز آل سعود Ṭalal bin 'Abd al-'Azīz Āl Sa'ūd; 15 August 1931 – 22 December 2018), formerly also called The Red Prince, was a senior member of the Saudi royal family.He was notable for his liberal stance, striving for a national Constitution, the full rule of law and equality before the law. Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: نايف بن عبد العزيز آل سعود , Nāyif ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd; 1934 – 16 June 2012) was the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia as well as first deputy prime minister from 2011 to 2012. By 1928, his forces had conquered most of the Arabian Peninsula. Similar diplomatic missions were established with any Arabian power capable of unifying the region. His prior government service included positions as Governor of the Hijaz (from 1932 to 1934) and Minister of the Interior, starting in 1934. In exchange, Ibn Saud agreed to recognize British territories in the area. For nearly nine decades since the founding of the modern kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, the title of king has passed from its first ruler, Abdulaziz ibn Saud, to a succession of aging sons. While the members of the royal family desired flamboyant luxuries such as gardens, luxurious cars and palaces, Ibn Saud wanted a royal railway. Ibn Saud(King Abdulaziz Al Saud) was born on 15 January 1876 in Saudi Arabia’s capital city, Riyadh. Petroleum was discovered in Saudi Arabia in 1938. As King, he presided over the discovery of petroleum in Saudi Arabia and began large-scale oil production after World War II, capitalizing on the lands wealth of resources. Nayef bin Abdulaziz was born in Ta'if in 1934 to Ibn Saud (King Abdulaziz) and Hassa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi, making him one of the Sudairi Seven.He was the twenty-third son of King Abdulaziz. The British government then signed the Treaty of Jeddah abolishing the Darin protection agreement and recognized the independence of the Hejaz and Najd with Ibn Saud as its ruler. He accomplished his conquest of Najd and the eastern coast of Arabia in 1912. While observing Ramadan, he devised a strategy to attack Riyadh and retake it from the Al Rashidi, the then ruling tribe. After the kings death the railway was used commercially enabling Riyadh to grow into a modern and prosperous city. Early life and education. Saud bin Faisal, second son to King Faisal and Iffat Al-Thunayan was born January 2, 1940. Fahad bin Faisal Al Saud, born in Taif, is the grandson of Saudi Arabian King’s brother and descendant of the House of Saud royal family member. Saud has two brothers Mohammed bin Faisal; Turki bin Faisal and three sisters, Luluwah bint Faisal, Sara bint Faisal and Haifa bint Faisal. King Abdulaziz ibn Saud. These qualities enhanced his stature as a reliable and responsible leader dedicated to peace and justice. The raiders’ numbers peaked at over 200, though these numbers dwindled over the ensuing months. His quick study paid off in mastering driving around in the sand alongside his father on the uncle’s farm. During his rule, King Abdulaziz established the nation’s infrastructure; the development roadways and basic communications, introduced modern technology, established educational systems, health care and agriculture. , After King Salman came to power, Abdulaziz was appointed as an adviser to the Royal Court in various departments, and later served as an adviser in the Defense Ministry. A member of the Saudi royal family, he was the longest-serving foreign minister in world history since Klemens von Metternich. Beginning in 1915, Ibn Saud signed the “friendship and cooperation” pact with Britain to keep his militia in line and cease any further attacks against their protectorates. 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